11 Foods that Fight Dementia Plus Other Dietary Changes to Improve…
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Nutrition is the cornerstone to your health. Without the proper fuel, your brain and your body will suffer. But when you think about eating healthy are you thinking about losing weight and looking good? That is often part of healthy eating, but it is more important to think about eating for your brain health.

Maria Shriver, founder of the Women’s Alzheimer’s Movement, is quoted in the LA Times saying, “We have all become so obsessed with our bodies that we have forgotten to take care of our brains.”

Unfortunately, when you eat a diet that is only focused on making your body look better, your brain suffers. The brain is a unique and complex organ and needs special attention! Your brain:

  • Has about 100 billion neurons (nerve messengers)
  • Has 1,000 to 10,000 synapses (connections between the neurons) for each neuron
  • Has 100,000 miles of blood vessels
  • Is one of the fattest organs in the body
  • Is 75 percent water

With such an individual make up, it is not surprising that the brain has specific nutritional requirements. The good news is when you are eating right for your brain, you will also be providing your body the nutrition that it needs.

How the MIND Diet Improves Brain Health

There is one diet that has been highly researched for its impact on improving not only heart health but also brain health. The MIND diet is a combination of two diets that have a positive impact on brain health.

Here’s how they compare:

  • The Mediterranean diet is a way of eating that embraces whole foods and healthy fats combined in a flavorful way
  • The DASH diet is an approach that focuses on filling your plate with nutrient rich foods that lower your blood pressure
  • The MIND diet mixes the previous two ways of eating to create a diet that may lower your risk of dementia

One recent study published in Neurology found that a diet high in vegetables, fruit, and tea may lower your chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease. These foods contain the antioxidant flavonols that can be beneficial for brain health.

The MIND diet is geared to protect your brain by giving it the nutrition it needs. Your brain’s nutritional needs can be met through eating a diet rich in:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Beans and nuts
  • Healthy fats like olive oil

Foods that Fight Dementia and Alzheimer’s

The Rush University Medical Center suggests that there are particular foods that delay Alzheimer’s disease. A study of 921 people over the age of 81 years looked at what the people ate and whether they developed Alzheimer’s. The 701 people who did not develop Alzheimer’s over the course of 6 years ate a diet rich in flavonols.

Here’s a list of foods that provide a good dose of four different types of flavonols.

  1. Pears
  2. Olive oil
  3. Wine
  4. Tomato sauce
  5. Kale
  6. Beans
  7. Tea
  8. Spinach
  9. Broccoli
  10. Oranges
  11. Tomatoes

The study found that there is a possible link between eating more foods rich in flavonols and having a lower chance of Alzheimer’s. There is no diet yet proven to eliminate Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.

The list of foods that are rich in flavonols are all included in the MIND diet which support the idea that the MIND diet is good for your brain.

Today’s Tips for Adding Flavonols:

  • Replace a daily cup of coffee with a cup of green tea, or add a cup of green tea to your day.
  • Make at least one meal a week meatless. Substitute beans or lentils for the protein.
  • Add a “super fresh flavonol” side to your meal. Plate together fresh spinach, tomatoes, broccoli, oranges and pear slices.
  • Make a “flavonol infused” bowl of soup. Combine cannellini beans, olive oil and fragrant flavors like onion and garlic. Toss in broccoli, spinach, kale and a can of tomato sauce. Simmer until hot and enjoy with a fine glass of wine.
  • Put this flavonol list on your fridge and eat one food off the list for each meal.

Healthy Fats for Brain Health

Because your brain is made up of 60 percent fat, you will have better success keeping your brain healthy by including more healthy fats in your diet.

A large plain salad may have lots of nutrients, but those nutrients will be lost to your brain if they aren’t eaten with some fat. A study by Predimed found that the risk of stroke was reduced by 46% in those who followed a Mediterranean diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and beans but also included 30 grams of mixed nuts and olive oil. It was also found that the participants had better memory function and the ability to make plans and follow through with them.

Today’s Tips for Adding Healthy Fat:

  • Instead of reaching for a bag of chips try eating a handful of nuts
  • Sprinkle a tablespoon of flax, chia or sunflower seeds on your salad, cereal or vegetables
  • Try an extra virgin olive oil drizzle on your vegetables or greens

Fruits and Vegetables to Eat for Brain Health

Polyphenols are micronutrients that can be found in fruits and vegetables. They have the ability of reducing swelling, improving blood flow to the brain, and countering the effects of stress on the brain.

Berries such as blueberries, strawberries, and blackberries are high in polyphenol. And delicious to eat in the summer months! Eating high amounts of berries was shown to slow the effects of aging by 2.5 years, again by reducing swelling and counteracting the effect of stress. Eat more berries and you could end up with better memory power and a strengthened ability to learn. That sounds like a winning combination!

Nitrates, which are found in high levels in lettuce and other leafy greens like spinach, are also essential for promoting brain health. Eating more leafy vegetables helps to protect the inner lining of your blood vessels (endothelial function). That means that the blood can get where it needs to go: to your brain!

Today’s Tips for Adding Fruits and Veggies:

  • Make room for more fruits and veggies by committing to replacing one non-nutritious food a day with a fruit or vegetable.
  • Add an extra handful of spinach, kale or collards to your soup, stir-fry or eggs.
  • Chop up a large bowl of lettuce, spinach and other greens and veggies. Store this fresh made salad in the fridge for up to three days and plan to eat a salad with every meal.
  • Whenever you crave sweets, think berries first. A bag of frozen berries in the freezer can be a quick fix for your sweet tooth. Add thawed berries to oatmeal, granola or eat plain.

Easy Breakfast Recipe to Improve Your Brain Health

Make it easy for your brain to be healthy by eating the foods your brain needs to function well. Aim for including more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, fish, and healthy fats in each meal.

An easy breakfast to start your day off right is a homemade nut-based granola served with berries and Greek yogurt.

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • ½ cup of walnuts
  • ½ cup of almonds
  • ½ cup of hazelnuts
  • ½ cup of unsweetened coconut flakes
  • 2 tablespoons cocoa powder
  • 2 tablespoons melted coconut oil
  • ¼ cup of pitted dates

You can put all the ingredients into a food processor and process until it holds together well, or chop finely and mix in a bowl. The nut-based granola can be stored in the fridge for a week.

This recipe Makes an excellent breakfast served with ½ a cup of fresh or thawed berries and a scoop of Greek yogurt!

This breakfast recipe will help you feel full for hours while providing your brain with the healthy fat it needs from the nuts and coconut, phenomenal flavor, and a good dose of polyphenols from the cocoa and berries. All mixed together with another healthy fat from the Greek yogurt and a super-sized helping of probiotics.

Keeping your brain healthy is essential for your enjoyment of life and eating healthy is one of the most important lifestyle factors for improving brain health. Eating for your brain health can and should be delicious and enjoyable.

Resources

How to Avoid Losing your Mind to Alzheimer's or Dementia

Brain Facts and Figures

Essential Fatty Acids and the Human Brain

Promoting brain health through exercise and diet in older adults

Boost your memory by Eating Right

Endothelial Dysfunction

Three Cool Summer Recipes for Brain Health

About the Author(s)

Crystal Jo is a Registered Nurse who is passionate about helping older adults live happy, healthy lives at home. As a freelance writer, she enjoys educating and inspiring seniors, and those who love them, to choose a healthy life.

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